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If you ever visit a film set, you are likely to see one person running around barking orders and generally keeping everyone moving. It is a common mistake to assume that this person at the center of a flurry of activity is the director. In fact, the person charged with running the set is called the first assistant director, or first AD.
In filmmaking terms, the first AD is typically considered one of the most important members of the crew. Instead of contributing to the creative aspect of filmmaking, the first AD is your best bet at actually assuring that the film is made on a day to day basis. Any film production that tries to move forward without a competent first assistant director is likely to end up in a scheduling nightmare.
On a film set, a director is charged with communicating with the actors and the cinematographer in order to film each shot. A first assistant director typically ensures that all production elements are ready on schedule, or is able to inform the director about any possible delays that may slow production. A good AD will allow the creative team the ability to focus on their work while ensuring that the budgetary and practical needs of the production are met. First assistant directors also typically work with the director and cinematographer to create a realistic daily shooting schedule. Accurately judging how much time a particular scene or sequence will take is a vital part of the assistant directing job.
Although there is no formal path to becoming a first AD, some basic qualifications are necessary. Assistant directors frequently do a difficult tightrope-walking act between producers, directors and the cast and crew. An even temper and positive response to stress is extremely important. Moreover, aspiring assistant directors must excellent time-management and multi-tasking abilities.
If you are interested in becoming a first assistant director, first gain experience working as a production assistant or runner. This valuable work will give you time to observe the workings of a film set while gaining contacts within the industry. Practice your ability to break down scripts and prepare shooting schedules by volunteering as an assistant director with student film productions. Just be aware: a first assistant director is not to be confused with an assistant to the director. Your job is not to be fetching coffee for the director; it is to ensure that his actors are in costume and makeup on a set that is lit, safety-checked and ready to be shot.
The job of a first assistant director is nearly invaluable, but often thankless. Many directors and producers started their careers in this difficult job, including Alfred Hitchcock. While the hours may be long and the frustrations plenty, a first AD can rest assured that not only are they essential to the film-making process, but also they are gaining huge amounts of experience that will help them to reach their career goals.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the primary role of a First Assistant Director?
The First Assistant Director (1st AD) plays a crucial role in film and television production by managing the set and ensuring that the shooting schedule is followed efficiently. They are responsible for organizing the logistics of a production, coordinating with various departments, and directing background action. The 1st AD also facilitates communication between the director, cast, and crew, helping to maintain a smooth workflow and address any issues that arise during filming.
How does a First Assistant Director contribute to the production budget and schedule?
A First Assistant Director significantly impacts the production budget and schedule by meticulously planning each day's shoot. They create the shooting schedule, which includes the sequence of scenes to be filmed and the allocation of time for each. By optimizing the shooting order and managing time on set effectively, the 1st AD helps prevent costly overruns and ensures that the production stays within budget and on schedule.
What qualifications are necessary to become a First Assistant Director?
To become a First Assistant Director, one typically needs a combination of formal education and practical experience. A degree in film studies or a related field can provide foundational knowledge, but hands-on experience is crucial. Many 1st ADs start in entry-level positions, such as production assistants, and work their way up, gaining experience in various aspects of production. Strong leadership, communication, and organizational skills are essential for success in this role.
Can a First Assistant Director transition to a Director role?
Yes, a First Assistant Director can transition to a Director role. The experience gained as a 1st AD provides a deep understanding of the filmmaking process, from pre-production to post-production. This comprehensive insight, combined with the opportunity to observe and work closely with directors, can prepare a 1st AD for the creative and leadership challenges of directing. Many successful directors have started their careers as assistant directors.
What are the key challenges faced by a First Assistant Director during production?
A First Assistant Director faces several key challenges during production, including managing a diverse cast and crew, maintaining tight schedules, and handling unexpected setbacks, such as weather changes or technical issues. They must also ensure safety protocols are followed, troubleshoot problems quickly, and keep morale high. Balancing the director's creative vision with the practicalities of the production schedule is a constant challenge for a 1st AD.