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A script doctor is an established screenwriter contracted by film studios to make changes to another writer's screenplay. Writers who perform this type of work generally agree to keep their services confidential. A script doctor usually meets with the film's production team to discuss specific problems, not rewrite the entire film treatment. Certain scenes may not seem to fit the logical progression of a character, or the solution to a key plot line might sound too contrived to a test audience.
A script doctor is usually known for a specific writing skill. Some are experts in creating realistic dialogue, while others are brought in to create alternative endings. In extreme circumstances, a script doctor may eliminate ineffective characters altogether. This last-minute scrapping of a subplot has lead to some interesting changes in well-known movies. In the 1983 movie The Big Chill an important character is only shown at his funeral as the main cast gathers to mourn him. The original script called for several flashback scenes, but a script doctor believed those scenes slowed the film's pacing. It was more effective to speak about the character, not necessarily recreate him. This is a typical decision a script doctor may have to make in order to salvage the filmmaker's vision.
Sometimes the original writer of a screenplay is not intimately familiar with writing for a visual medium such as film. The author of the source material may be asked to create a film treatment of his or her novel, but the producers may not be pleased with the results. A script doctor may be hired to turn an unfilmable series of scenes into filmable ones. Because of this, many experienced script doctors must understand the needs of filmmakers while maintaining the original author's general story arc. This has lead to a few controversies over the years, as finished films have been known to bear little resemblance to the literary works which inspired them. Others may take extreme liberties with the characters in order to appeal to a target audience. A script doctor may rewrite dialogue to earn a PG-13 rating or add scenes which will make the film seem more adult-oriented.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a script doctor in the context of film and television?
A script doctor is a skilled writer who is brought in to revise or polish a screenplay, often uncredited, to enhance its dialogue, structure, pacing, or other elements. They are typically experienced in the industry and have a knack for fixing issues that may not be apparent to the original writers or producers. Script doctors work discreetly, and their contributions can be crucial in transforming a problematic script into a successful final product.
How does a script doctor differ from a regular screenwriter?
While a regular screenwriter is usually responsible for creating the initial draft of a screenplay, a script doctor is brought in to make improvements to an existing script. Script doctors focus on specific problems or weaknesses in a screenplay, such as character development or plot consistency, and work to resolve these issues. They often work under tight deadlines and must deliver high-quality work quickly, without the benefit of starting from scratch.
Can a script doctor receive credit for their work?
Script doctors often do not receive official credit for their contributions. Their work is typically done behind the scenes, and the Writers Guild of America has specific rules about credit allocation. However, in some cases, if a script doctor's revisions are substantial enough, they may negotiate a credit or be recognized through an arbitration process. The extent of their contributions and the terms of their contract will influence whether they are credited.
What kind of changes does a script doctor make to a screenplay?
A script doctor may make a wide range of changes to a screenplay, depending on what is needed. These can include tightening dialogue, enhancing character depth, restructuring the plot, improving humor or emotional impact, and ensuring the story aligns with the director's vision or the studio's requirements. The goal is to refine the script to better engage audiences and increase the project's chances of success.
How does one become a script doctor?
Becoming a script doctor typically requires a combination of writing talent, industry experience, and networking. Many script doctors start as screenwriters or playwrights, honing their craft and building a reputation for strong writing. As they gain experience and make industry connections, they may be recommended for script doctoring jobs. Success as a script doctor relies on a deep understanding of storytelling, the ability to work collaboratively, and the skill to enhance a script under pressure.