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What Are the Characteristics of Art Nouveau Vases?

Page Coleman
Page Coleman

Art Nouveau vases may display several defining characteristics, which include the vase’s shape, design elements, colors and materials. The vase shapes are usually curved, and the designs frequently feature elements from nature. Colors used in the vases are usually lighter than those of the preceding Victorian era. Although the Art Nouveau era was short, it helped transition aesthetic styles from Victorianism to modernism. Vases with Art Nouveau characteristics are still being produced.

The shape of Art Nouveau vases may be quite distinctive. With this style, shapes are often curved into interesting designs, rather than being square or rectangular. Frequently, Art Nouveau era vases are tall, with a flare opening, although ginger jar shapes are also popular.

Woman holding a book
Woman holding a book

Many design elements used in Art Nouveau vases are drawn from nature. Stylized leaves, vines, flowers and dragonflies are frequently used in a variety of Art Nouveau decorations, including vases. Another common motif is the depiction of nymph, often with long, wavy hair, and perhaps with tendrils about her brow and face. Art Nouveau is noted for its use of whiplash curves, and the vase designs may incorporate those. Japanese aesthetic style also influenced Art Nouveau design.

Popular color choices for Art Nouveau vases are shades of green, peacock blue, and peach. Shade of rose, gray, and violet are also found frequently. Regardless of hue, soft colors usually graced these vases, which contrasted with the darker colors favored during the Victorian era.

These vases frequently are made from glass, which is a popular Art Nouveau material, and many vases feature a matte finish. Vases are also made bronze, silver and ceramics. When working with ceramics during this timeframe, new glazing techniques were discovered, and old methods were recovered.

The term Art Nouveau is French for “new art.” One of the shorter-lived art movements, it started around the 1890s and lasted until the mid-1900’s. It evolved from the Arts and Crafts movement; both movements evolved in reaction to Victorianism and to shoddy mass produced articles. Art Nouveau was a precursor to modernism. This style was popular internationally, notably in Europe and America.

A famous French jeweler of that time, Rene Lalique, was strongly associated with Art Nouveau. Along with jewelry, he became expert in working with glass, and became well-known for his iconic glass Art Nouveau vases, perfume bottles, and automobile hood ornaments. The firm he started continues in business today, and still creates vases with Art Nouveau characteristics.

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Discussion Comments


I have been working with clay for a few years now and I would really like to try and make a piece with the characteristics of the Art Nouveau vases. One of the my favorite things to see in an Art Nouveau vase in the winding tendrils of vines and branches.

I really think a fantastic vase would have the handles bleeding into branches, which would pour down the form and come out at the bottom to make a base. I love how well the Art Nouveau vases look with modern furnishings. Having one distinctly natural looking piece mixed in with all the clean lines of the modern styles really looks sharp.


Art Nouveau is one of my favorite styles because I love nature as well as crafts. The vases of this era are so exquisite and organic-looking that they can really accentuate a room with a nature theme much better than the hard angularity of, say, Art Deco.

I love Art Nouveau so much that I was looking to decorate a room around that theme, built around the paintings of the popular artist Alphonse Mucha. I love how some of his paintings integrate ferns and other plants into his works, while keeping the central focus of the painting on a human subject. The humans also always have a flow to them, which helps them blend into the background.

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      Woman holding a book