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Several major types of fine art digital prints have become part of the contemporary art scene due to digital creative technologies. Fine art digital prints, which are high-quality reproductions of original artwork, can be mass produced and distributed much more easily than with traditional press printing. The major styles of fine art digital prints include photographic prints, giclee or iris art prints, light-jet relief prints, digital silkscreen prints, and canvas prints.
The most common of fine art digital prints include photographic images captured with traditional or digital camera equipment. These images can be edited prior to printing, so that they come out with the highest possible quality. Photographic fine art digital prints can also be printed in a variety of sizes and printed as many times as desired.
Another type of fine art digital print is the giclee or iris art print, which is a high quality digital image that incorporates original or montaged artwork. The giclee or iris print is produced by either digitally scanning images or pulling from digital graphics to create an individual piece of artwork. Once the digital image is completed, high quality inkjet printers may print it onto a variety of digital papers or fabrics for display.
Light jet relief fine art digital prints can be reproduced in mass quantities or on demand. This style of digital art print is a favorite of graphic artists, mass printers, and digital designers who can easily modify the size and colors of the images to produce a wide variety of works. Light jet relief fine art digital prints with classical and limited edition images are also displayed in fine art galleries.
While digital silkscreen prints are considered another form of fine art digital prints, they are often seen on the mass consumer market in the form of wearable fashions and corporate logo products. The method by which images are transferred to fabric is vastly different with digital silkscreen from traditional silkscreen printing, which uses a hand-applied coat of paint. Machines transmit the digital image in layers of special fabric ink, which is then sealed to the textiles with a heat process.
Canvas prints are similar to silkscreen prints, except a different method is applied to create eye-catching digital fine art prints. First, the canvas is treated and stretched to a flat surface. Then a series of digital files are passed through the ink printer onto the canvas to create the varying colors and textures on the canvas. The ink used on canvas is a flexible, heavy duty fabric paint that can withstand wear and tear.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the main types of fine art digital prints?
Fine art digital prints, also known as giclée prints, come in various types based on the printing process and materials used. The main types include inkjet prints, which use archival inks and a variety of papers; canvas prints, offering a textured, gallery-like feel; acrylic prints, known for their glossy finish and durability; and metal prints, which provide a luminous, high-definition quality. Each type offers a unique aesthetic and longevity, catering to different artistic preferences and display environments.
How long do fine art digital prints last?
The longevity of fine art digital prints depends on the materials and printing methods used. According to Wilhelm Imaging Research, a leading authority on print longevity, archival-quality inkjet prints can last over 100 years when properly cared for and displayed under ideal conditions. Factors such as exposure to UV light, humidity, and the quality of inks and substrates significantly affect the lifespan of these prints. (Source: Wilhelm Imaging Research, http://www.wilhelm-research.com)
Can fine art digital prints be considered original artwork?
Fine art digital prints can be considered original artwork when they are created by an artist using digital tools and techniques, and the print is part of a limited edition signed and numbered by the artist. In this context, the digital print is an original piece because it is not a reproduction of a work that exists in another medium but rather a unique creation that exists primarily as a digital print.
What is the difference between a fine art digital print and a poster?
The difference between a fine art digital print and a poster lies in the quality and intent of the print. Fine art digital prints, often referred to as giclée prints, are produced using high-quality archival inks and substrates, aimed at preserving the artistic integrity and longevity of the artwork. Posters, on the other hand, are typically mass-produced on lower-quality paper with standard inks, intended for promotional or decorative purposes with less emphasis on durability and fidelity.
How should I care for and display my fine art digital prints to ensure their longevity?
To ensure the longevity of fine art digital prints, they should be displayed away from direct sunlight and in stable, moderate humidity conditions to prevent fading and deterioration. Using UV-protective glass or acrylic when framing can also help protect the artwork. Additionally, it's important to handle the prints with clean hands or gloves and to mount them using archival-quality materials to prevent damage from acids or adhesives. Regular dusting with a soft, dry cloth can keep the prints clean without the use of chemical cleaners.