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What is a Flugelhorn?

Tricia Christensen
Updated May 23, 2024
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The flugelhorn is a trumpet-like brass instrument that was likely invented by Adolph Saxe, a 19th century Belgian musician. The design is based, according to some, on Michael Saule’s keyed bugle, which was invented slightly before Saxe’s design. Music historians quibble a little about who invented the instrument, but it can be said that the flugelhorn was commonly in use by the late 19th century.

Unlike trumpets and cornets, the flugelhorn sound is less bright and more mellow. It is most commonly used in jazz and brass band compositions, but occasionally its mellow sound fills out lovely moments in orchestral pieces of the 20th century. The sound produced is due to the larger bell or opening of the instrument, and its overall larger size.

The flugelhorn can have three to four piston valves and its fingering system corresponds to the trumpet. When a fourth valve is included, it lowers the possible notes produced by the instrument. With the extra valve, it easily carries melodies in brass band arranged music. Since the fingering is similar to trumpets and cornets, expert trumpet players can often switch with ease, though they may have to slightly adjust the way they mouth, since the instrument has a slightly larger mouthpiece.

In jazz, the flugelhorn was first used to best effect on Miles Davis’ 1957 album Miles Ahead. Davis played the instrument on the album. Perhaps the most recognized flugelhorn piece in jazz was the 1978 song “Feels So Good,” composed and performed by Chuck Mangione. The piece crossed into popular music, receiving airplay on most top 40 stations, and became one of the most recognized pieces in the world. Mangione is a virtuoso player, but has never quite recaptured the fame he won with “Feels So Good.”

In price, a top class flugelhorn can be highly expensive. If you’re considering buying one for a new student, you might consider a trumpet instead, since it is relatively easy to switch from trumpeting. If price is no object, a higher-grade instrument usually is priced over $1,500 US dollars (USD). One in the $500 to $700 USD range is generally considered student grade.

If you prefer symphonic renderings with the flugelhorn, look for CDs featuring Rachel Woolham or Frank Fezishin. Both artists are considered to have modernized the way that classically composed music evaluates the instrument. They are excellent examples of the way the flugelhorn beautifully explores and reinvents solo performances in traditional orchestral music, and in modern classically styled pieces.

Musical Expert is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Tricia Christensen
By Tricia Christensen , Writer
With a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and years of experience as a Musical Expert contributor, Tricia Christensen is based in Northern California and brings a wealth of knowledge and passion to her writing. Her wide-ranging interests include reading, writing, medicine, art, film, history, politics, ethics, and religion, all of which she incorporates into her informative articles. Tricia is currently working on her first novel.

Discussion Comments

By Emilski — On Oct 03, 2011

@matthewc23 - The instrument you are thinking of is called a mellophone. They are very similar in shape to a flugelhorn, but as you already know, the sound is quite different.

As for using a trumpet mouthpiece on a flugelhorn, I would not recommend it. First off, it would be hard to play, because you wouldn't be able to get the right air flow for the horn. Secondly, you could do some serious damage to the horn, since the flugelhorn bore of the mouthpiece is much different from a trumpet.

The trumpet mouthpiece could get stuck in the end of the flugelhorn, and you would need to take it to a music shop where they have a special tool to remove it.

By matthewc23 — On Oct 03, 2011

I think it's interesting that both of Saxe's instruments are fairly rare or underrepresented in most formal orchestras, but are some of the main instruments in jazz. Maybe it's because they were invented later than the other instruments, so there has been less time to write music for them.

When I started reading this, I was thinking a flugelhorn was more of like a trumpet-like version of the French horn. I know we had one of the instruments I am thinking of when I was in high school band, but I can't think of then name. Does anyone have an idea what I'm talking about?

If you had access to a flugelhorn, could you use a trumpet mouthpiece on it, or would you have to use a flugelhorn mouthpiece?

By jcraig — On Oct 02, 2011

@jmc88 - You would be right about Saxe inventing the saxophone. He really must have been a great inventor to understand instruments well enough to create two very important horns that are pretty different in form and physics.

If you have never heard Chuck Mangione, he is definitely worth a listen. Some of his other popular songs you may have heard on TV or somewhere are 'Land of Make Believe' and 'Children of Sanchez'. I always thought that he played the trumpet, though. I never realized it was the flugelhorn.

By jmc88 — On Oct 01, 2011

Wow, I had heard the word flugelhorn used before, but I always thought it was a made up instrument just because the name is funny.

I kind of like jazz music. I might have to check out some Chuck Mangione songs and see what they sound like.

Out of curiosity, Adolph Saxe wouldn't be the same person that invented the saxophone, too, would he?

Tricia Christensen

Tricia Christensen


With a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and years of experience as a Musical Expert contributor, Tricia...
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