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A keyboard guitar is a relatively lightweight keyboard that is supported by a strap around the neck and shoulders, similar to the way in which a guitar is held. The keyboard guitar, also called the keytar, was designed to combine the advantages offered by keyboards and guitars. It was made to be easier to play than a guitar, and to offer a greater range of movement than traditional keyboards do.
The keyboard guitar was first produced commercially in 1980, and was made popular by many 1980s musical groups. As bands began to move away from 1980s musical styles, the popularity of the keyboard guitar began to diminish. However, due in part to new software innovations and a revival of the musical style known as Synthpop, the popularity of this instrument began to renew in the late 2000s.
Only a small number of companies have produced keyboard guitars, but they have had many variations over their relatively short history. The first true keytar was the Moog Liberation®, released in 1980 by Moog Music&trade. Being the first, it was one of the simplest of its kind, but it did feature several controls located on the neck of the instrument for pitch, volume, and other parameters. A popular, later model keytar was the Roland&trade AX-7®, which was manufactured from 2001 to 2007. It had many more advanced features, including velocity-sensitive keys, an LED display, and proprietary sensors which use infrared light to detect the nearby movement of the player’s hands.
The popularity of the keyboard guitar has given rise to spinoff versions of this instrument. These include some types of children’s toys made in the shape of a keytar, but which have only limited capabilities and less-than-ideal sound quality. The instrument builder Vinson Williams has also developed two instruments based on the concept and look of the keyboard guitar. His Keytar&trade V-1® and Keytar&trade V-2® combine a guitar body with a piano keyboard and strummable metal strings like those on a guitar.
The strings on the V-1® and V-2® are fretted differently from guitar strings. Instead of the string being strummed with one hand and fretted with another, the instruments have rubber pads which, when pressed, fret the strings. This method is reminiscent of the method used to fret strings on a clavinet. These types of advances represent a further musical innovation which places Williams’ instruments in a different category altogether from the original keyboard guitar.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a keyboard guitar and how does it work?
A keyboard guitar, also known as a keytar, is a musical instrument that combines elements of a keyboard synthesizer with the form factor and playability of a guitar. It is worn around the neck and played like a guitar, but instead of strings, it has keys that the musician presses to trigger sounds. Keytars often have a range of controls and features such as pitch bend wheels, modulation, and sustain buttons, allowing for expressive performances similar to those of a traditional keyboard.
Can you play the same music on a keyboard guitar as on a regular keyboard?
Yes, you can play the same music on a keyboard guitar as on a regular keyboard. The keytar is designed to be a portable alternative to a keyboard, with a similar layout of keys and the ability to produce a wide range of sounds. However, the playing technique might differ due to its guitar-like body, and some keytars have a smaller range of keys compared to full-sized keyboards, which may require adaptations for certain pieces of music.
Are keyboard guitars suitable for beginners?
Keyboard guitars can be suitable for beginners, especially those who are interested in a more mobile and performance-oriented instrument. They are often lightweight and easier to handle than full-sized keyboards. However, beginners may need to adjust to the different playing posture and strap system. For those new to music, starting with a traditional keyboard might provide a more stable learning platform before transitioning to a keytar.
What genres of music are keyboard guitars commonly used in?
Keyboard guitars are commonly used in genres that value showmanship and stage performance, such as pop, rock, funk, and electronic music. They have been popularized by various artists who appreciate the freedom of movement and visual flair they provide on stage. The keytar allows musicians to engage with the audience and move around freely, unlike a stationary keyboard setup, making it a favorite for live performances.
How much does a keyboard guitar typically cost?
The cost of a keyboard guitar can vary widely depending on the brand, features, and quality. Entry-level keytars can start at around $100, while professional-grade models with advanced features and higher quality construction can cost upwards of $1000. It's important for buyers to consider their skill level and the intended use when choosing a keytar to ensure they get the best value for their investment.